Springer

  • This book provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in the development of semiconductor nanostructures and nanophotonic devices. It covers epitaxial growth processes for GaAs- and GaN-based quantum dots and quantum wells, describes the fundamental optical, electronic, and vibronic properties of nanomaterials, and addresses the design and realization of various nanophotonic devices. These include energy-efficient and high-speed vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) and ultra-small metal-cavity nano-lasers for applications in multi-terabus systems; silicon photonic I/O engines based on the hybrid integration of VCSELs for highly efficient chip-to-chip communication; electrically driven quantum key systems based on q-bit and entangled photon emitters and their implementation in real information networks; and AlGaN-based deep UV laser diodes for applications in medical diagnostics, gas sensing, spectroscopy, and 3D printing. The experimental results are accompanied by reviews of theoretical models that describe nanophotonic devices and their base materials. The book details how optical transitions in the active materials, such as semiconductor quantum dots and quantum wells, can be described using a quantum approach to the dynamics of solid-state electrons under quantum confinement and their interaction with phonons, as well as their external pumping by electrical currents. With its broad and detailed scope, this book is indeed a cutting-edge resource for researchers, engineers and graduate-level students in the area of semiconductor materials, optoelectronic devices and photonic systems.

  • In diesem Buch wird, auch anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele, ein in vielen Jahren praktischer Arbeitszeitberatung entstandenes und bewährtes Verfahren zur Entwicklung flexibler Schichtsysteme vorgestellt. Solche Systeme dienen dazu, wechselnde Besetzungsbedarfe und/oder Mitarbeiter-Verfügbarkeiten mit Hilfe des Einsatzes von Schichtteams so zu bewältigen, dass für Betrieb wie Mitarbeiter jeweils grßtmgliche Planungssicherheit gegeben ist. Vor dem Hintergrund der Ermittlung des jeweiligen Stellenbedarfs wird gezeigt, welche Team-Strukturen im Einzelfall in Frage kommen und welche Grund-Schichtpläne sich hieraus ergeben. Der letztlich gewählte Grund-Schichtplan muss mit dem begleitenden Arbeitszeitkonto gekoppelt werden, wofür verschiedene Optionen vorgestellt werden. Flexi-Spielregeln etwa zur An- und Absage von Betriebsschichten und/oder zur Verteilung von Frei- und/oder Zusatzschichten der Mitarbeiter sorgen dann dafür, dass mittels des erst damit vollständigen flexiblen Schichtsystems ein bedarfsgerechter Personaleinsatz unter stets weitest mglicher Berücksichtigung der Arbeitszeit- und Freizeitinteressen der Mitarbeiter erfolgen kann.

  • Seit mehreren Jahrzehnten arbeitet Deutschland an der Energiewende, aber trotz gigantischer Kosten gehen die Treibhausgasemissionen hierzulande nur langsam zurück. Das Buch trägt dazu bei, die unzähligen Meldungen zur Energiewende besser einordnen zu knnen, und liefert Antworten auf Fragen wie diese: Wie berechtigt ist die Kritik an der bisherigen deutschen Klimapolitik? Wie sinnvoll sind Elektromobilität und Wasserstoffspeicher wirklich? Welchen Einfluss hat die Coronakrise? Warum sollte man freiwillig seine persnlichen Emissionen verringern, wenn alle anderen weitermachen wie bisher?Die Betrachtung aus verschiedenen Perspektiven ergibt viele überraschende Aspekte und räumt auf mit gut gemeinten, aber in der Realität wenig wirksamen Vorschlägen zum Klimaschutz. 

  • In Deutschland haben wir zwei Klassifikationsmodelle, um Kinder mit Problemen und Ressourcen ganzheitlich zu erfassen. Zum einen die ICD-10 (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10. Revision) und zum anderen die ICF-CY (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Children and Youth Version). In der Vergangenheit hat sich aber gezeigt, dass die ICD-10 und die ICF-CY nicht in Kombination miteinander benutzt werden. Somit entsteht automatisch eine nicht vollständige Diagnostik. Beide Klassifikationsmodelle wurden aber so entwickelt, dass sie aufeinander abgestimmt sind und sich somit ergänzen. Allerdings haben diese Model keine Leitlinie, wann und wo man sie in einem Prozess zum Erstellen einer therapeutischen Diagnose einsetzt. Dieses Buch soll aufzeigen, welche Modelle man bentigt, um eine therapeutische Diagnose zu erstellen.

  • This book uses a novel concept to teach the finite element method, applying it to solid mechanics. This major conceptual shift takes away lengthy theoretical derivations in the face-to-face interactions with students and focuses on the summary of key equations and concepts; and to practice these on well-chosen example problems.

    For this new, 2nd edition, many examples and design modifications have been added, so that the learning-by-doing features of this book make it easier to understand the concepts and put them into practice.

    The theoretical derivations are provided as additional reading and students must study and review the derivations in a self-study approach. The book provides the theoretical foundations to solve a comprehensive design project in tensile testing. A classical clip-on extensometer serves as the demonstrator on which to apply the provided concepts. The major goal is to derive the calibration curve based on different approaches, i.e., analytical mechanics and based on the finite element method, and to consider further design questions such as technical drawings, manufacturing, and cost assessment. Working with two concepts, i.e., analytical and computational mechanics strengthens the vertical integration of knowledge and allows the student to compare and understand the different concepts, as well as highlighting the essential need for benchmarking any numerical result. 

  • In diesem essential werden die umschriebenen Entwicklungsstrungen der Grob-, Fein-, Grafo- und Schreibmotorik in Ihren Grundlagen und Entwicklungsstufen kurz erfasst. Im weiteren Verlauf bietet es die Mglichkeit die o.g. Entwicklungsstrungen mit dem hypothetisch-deduktiven Clinical Reasoning zu erfassen und Therapiemglichkeiten aufzuzeigen.

  • This ICME-13 Topical Survey provides a review of recent research into statistics education, with a focus on empirical research published in established educational journals and on the proceedings of important conferences on statistics education. It identifies and addresses six key research topics, namely: teachers' knowledge; teachers' role in statistics education; teacher preparation; students' knowledge; students' role in statistics education; and how students learn statistics with the help of technology. For each topic, the survey builds upon existing reviews, complementing them with the latest research. 

  • In this book we gather recent mathematical developments and engineering applications of Trefftz methods, with particular emphasis on the Method of Fundamental Solutions (MFS). These are true meshless methods that have the advantage of avoiding the need to set up a mesh altogether, and therefore going beyond the reduction of the mesh to a boundary. These Trefftz methods have advantages in several engineering applications, for instance in inverse problems where the domain is unknown and some numerical methods would require a remeshing approach.Trefftz methods are also known to perform very well with regular domains and regular data in boundary value problems, achieving exponential convergence. On the other hand, they may also under certain conditions, exhibit instabilities and lead to ill-conditioned systems. This book is divided into ten chapters that illustrate recent advances in Trefftz methods and their application to engineering problems. The first eight chapters are devoted to the MFS and variants whereas the last two chapters are devoted to related meshless engineering applications. Part of these selected contributions were presented in the 9th International Conference on Trefftz Methods and 5th International Conference on the MFS, held in 2019, July 29-31, in Lisbon, Portugal.

  • The present volume gives a comprehensive overview on the current state of basic and clinical research on Anxiety and Anxiolytic Drugs. Using newly developed methods and techniques researchers are now beginning to understand the molecular mechanisms of anxiety, anxiety disorders and their treatment. In parallel, new drug targets have been generated and the first clinical studies with new compounds have been started. In 20 chapters written by numerous experts in the field comprehensive information on all relevant topics is provided.

  • This book examines the hard legal core, if any, of the "Responsibility to Protect (R2P)" concept with regard to the commitment to take collective action through the UN Security Council. It addresses the question of whether public international law establishes a duty on the part of the individual Security Council members to collectively take the necessary action to prevent atrocities (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and ethnic cleansing). To this end, it offers an interpretation of provisions in multilateral conventions, such as the undertaking to prevent genocide in Article 1 of the Genocide Convention and the undertaking to ensure respect for the Geneva Conventions in common Article 1 of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, analyses the UN Charter framework for Security Council action, and explores whether the recognition of the international responsibility to protect has prompted the emergence of a new norm for general international law.

  • This book introduces a radically spatialised approach to knowledge creation and innovation. Reflecting on an array of European urban and regional developments, it offers an updated notion of milieu as the conceptual and material space of knowledge and innovation in line with the interpretative turn in social sciences and humanities. In view of the unwillingness of mainstream economics to accommodate such a trend, the authors pursue a broadly understood hermeneutic approach that expands on the triad of knowledge-space-innovation. The book's main findings are that space is an essential intermediary in the connection between knowledge and innovation, and that a renewed notion of milieu provides the knowledge-space-innovation triad with both an analytical basis and operational power. It also offers fresh insights into the significance and potential of the knowledge economy. A number of empirical European case studies on various scales (organisations, cities and territories) support the findings and suggest new policy directions.

  • Visuelle Wahrnehmung

    Andreas Leschnik

    • Springer
    • 13 Juillet 2020

    In diesem essential werden die Grundlagen des physiologischen/neuronalen Sehens und die Wahrnehmungsverarbeitung erklärt. Außerdem gibt es einen kurzen Überblick über die kindliche Entwicklung des visuellen Systems. Weiterhin zeigt dieses essential auf, welche Formen von visuellen Wahrnehmungsstrungen es gibt. Im weiteren Verlauf wird das hypothetisch-deduktive Clinical Reasoning zum Erstellen einer therapeutischen Diagnose bei Kindern und Jugendlichen mit visuellen Wahrnehmungsstrungen eingesetzt. Abschließend bietet dieses essential Interventionsmglichkeiten für Kinder und Jugendliche mit visuellen Wahrnehmungsstrungen.

  • Andreas Galling-Stiehler untersucht das Phänomen, dass Skandale um Politiker und Top-Manager zunehmend als Folge der Personalisierung durch Public Relations, Public Affairs und andere Formen der Auftragskommunikation sowie ihrer Rezeption durch die Medien erscheinen. Aus der Perspektive einer psychoanalytischen Hermeneutik entwickelt er ein neues Verständnis dieser Form von Auftragskommunikation auf der Grundlage des Menschenbildes von Sigmund Freud. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt dabei die Figur des Helden im Tagtraum und Massentagtraum bei Freud und seinen Nachfolgern. Der aus der Erzähltheorie und Philosophie entwickelte Begriff der produktiven Fiktionen liefert hierbei die Grundlage dafür, Auftragskommunikation und ihre strategische Ausrichtung tiefenhermeneutisch zu deuten und den politischen Skandal um einen Ex-Präsidenten beispielhaft zu interpretieren.

  • The book illustrates the considerable advances in modern evolutionary economics and addresses core questions of economic behaviour, interaction of heterogeneous actors in uncertain environments and the possibility of aggregating observations on a macro-economic level. It presents the foundations of economic change as the major building blocks of an economic approach that focusses on complex processes driven by endogenous innovation as well as crisis. The theoretical considerations are complemented by econometric studies to demonstrate the relevance of evolutionary-economic thinking to improve our understanding of the most challenging issues related to economic growth and development.

  • This volume features contributions from participants of the ESRF symposium on Immunotherapy in 2020-Visions and Trends for Targeting Inflammatory Diseases held in Potsdam near Berlin, Germany, in October 2006. The symposium presentations covered the main mechanisms of immunoregulation.

  • This book is exceptional in presenting an interdisciplinary approach to the subject of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the context of head and neck cancer. Leading experts in the field discuss the epidemiology and molecular biology of HPV-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, HPV testing, the nonsurgical and surgical treatment of HPV-positive tumors, predictive factors for outcome and quality of life, and ongoing trials on the effectiveness of vaccination in disease prevention. It also provides recommendations for testing, diagnosis treatment and vaccination. Otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, molecular biologists and pathologists will find this book a valuable resource.

  • Pain is an unpleasant but very important biological signal for danger. Nociception is necessary for survival and maintaining the integrity of the organism in a potentially hostile environment. Pain is both a sensory experience and a perceptual metaphor for damage and it is activated by noxious stimuli that act on a complex pain sensory apparatus. However, chronic pain having no more a protective role can become a ruining disease itself, termed "neuropathic pain".

  • Andreas Neff zeigt die exzellenten diagnostischen und therapeutischen Optionen der Endoskopie, die für den MKG-Chirurgen bei der komplexen Anatomie der Mund-Kiefer-Gesichtsregion, speziell der Kieferhhlen und der Nasengänge, des Kiefergelenks, aber auch der Speicheldrüsen heute unverzichtbar ist. Minimalinvasive Darstellung und Zugänge gemäß State of the Art erfordern neben chirurgischem Know-how auch ein spezielles technisches Equipment. Während die Endoskopie in der MKG-Chirurgie meist speziellen Indikationen vorbehalten ist, hat sie insbesondere in der HNO inzwischen einen Großteil der traditionellen direkten bzw. invasiv-offenen Verfahren ersetzt. Auch in der MKG-Chirurgie wird es analog zu ihren Nachbardisziplinen zunehmend zu Paradigmenwechseln in der Behandlungsstrategie kommen, denen sich die MKG-Chirurgie stellen muss, um sich auch in Zukunft auf Augenhhe weiterentwickeln zu knnen.

  • This guide to dermatological treatments provides concise yet comprehensive, up-to-date overviews of treatment guidelines and pearls for a plethora of skin diseases. It is divided into three main sections that address the many different skin diseases, the drugs available for dermatological treatments, and the various methods applied in dermatology, including fillers, botulinum toxin, lasers, dermoscopy, cryosurgery, and electrosurgery. Each skin disease-focused chapter describes current treatments while also providing a brief synopsis of etiology and clinical presentation. Treatment indications and contraindications, modes of action, and dosages are clearly identified. This third edition of the European Handbook of Dermatological Treatments has been extensively revised to reflect the advances of the past decade, including biologic agents for psoriasis, also used as promising off-label treatments in other skin diseases, targeted agents for malignant melanoma and basal cell carcinoma, and new treatment modalities for rosacea, acne, atopic dermatitis, and urticaria, to name but a few. The successful easy-to-use format is retained in this new edition, which is enriched with clinical photos that will make reading a pleasurable as well as a learning experience.

  • This book is the first to comprehensively cover research methods for building occupant behavior. As this is of growing importance for building design and for building performance optimization, the book aims to provide a sound scientific basis for experimental studies in this field. It introduces the reader to fundamental questions about the topic and unfolds the different fields related to occupant actions and comfort. This is followed by more general questions about developing an appropriate research method and experimental design. A comprehensive overview of sensors for monitoring environmental and also behavioral and action-related quantities helps to set up an experiment. In this context, different experimental environments and data collection methods (in-situ, laboratories, surveys) are introduced and discussed in terms of their suitability for the respective research question. Furthermore, data management and reporting is addressed. The book concludes with fundamental challenges in conducting occupant studies, with chapters on ground truth, ethics and privacy.

  • This book discusses the expertise, skills, and techniques needed for the development of new materials and technologies. It focuses on finite element and finite volume methods that are used for engineering simulations, and present many state-of-the-art applications and advances to highlight these methods' importance.  For example, modern joining technologies can be used to fabricate new compound or composite materials, even those formed from dissimilar component materials. These composite materials are often exposed to harsh environments, must deliver specific characteristics, and are primarily used in automotive and marine technologies, i.e., ships, amphibious vehicles, docks, offshore structures, and even robots. To achieve the desired material performance, computer-based engineering tools are widely used for simulation, data evaluation, and design processes.

  • This book addresses the core challenges currently faced by traditional companies. In the age of digitization many industries are now challenged by disruptions of the traditional value chain: new competitors are coming into play, traditional products don't sell any more, and profits are at risk. As such, CEOs need to adopt new business models for these established industries, while many companies have to reinvent themselves by developing new products for new markets.

    In this book, leading CEOs share their experiences in transforming established companies. They provide insights on transforming industries and demonstrate what it takes to redefine companies from the ground up. Issues such as organizational transformation, new product development, implementing a new organizational spirit, and many more are discussed.

  • Das Sachbuch betrachtet das hohe Alter aus zwei unterschiedlichen Perspektiven: der Verletzlichkeits- und der ?Reifeperspektive. Es untersucht wissenschaftlich fundiert, zugleich anschaulich und gut verständlich, welche seelisch-geistigen Entwicklungsprozesse im hohen Alter mglich sind, die für das Selbstverständnis alter Menschen jenseits verschiedener Formen der Verletzlichkeit große Bedeutung besitzen. Entscheidendes Gewicht haben dabei die Sorgestrukturen, das heißt Beziehungen, in denen alte Menschen Unterstützung anbieten wie sie auch Unterstützung empfangen. Weiterhin sind die Lebensbedingungen des Menschen (einschließlich der rechtlichen Bedingungen) für dessen krperliche, seelisch-geistige und soziale Situation sowie für die Mglichkeiten, diese zu gestalten, wichtig. Das Buch integriert Erkenntnisse aus verschiedenen Disziplinen. Es wendet sich an alte Menschen und ihre Angehrigen, an alle in der Altenarbeit beschäftigten Personen, an Wissenschaftler, an Mitarbeiter von Bildungs- und kirchlichen Einrichtungen, an politische Entscheidungsträger wie auch an Studenten der Gerontologie und ihrer Nachbardisziplinen. 

  • This work approaches the modern phenomenon of online dating, examining the ways people make use of its technical and social potential. In particular, the users' mate preferences, choices, strategies, and interactions are analyzed using the innovative method of click-stream observations and web-questionnaire data. For the purpose of these analyses, two major theories are used - an explicit theory of individual mate choice, and the more general relational theory developed by Pierre Bourdieu, which helps to highlight the social structures both underlying and resulting from mating online. Results show that online dating is not a partner marker free from social structure, but that the traditional social conditions found offline are also reproduced in this virtual setting. In contrast to the picture drawn by media discourse and advertising, online dating represents a partner market which fulfills the promise of happiness in a socially differential way.

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