Physica

  • Reusability of information models has been discussed in science and practice for many years. Reference models are information models that are developed with the aim of being reused for different but similar application scenarios. They primarily promise time and cost savings, since parts of the reference models can be reused. The topic of reference modeling is addressed in this book from different perspectives: Besides reference modeling languages that provide special modeling language concepts for the development and application of reference models, reference modeling methodologies are discussed, which additionally provide procedure models for the construction and application of reference models. Moreover, particular reference models are discussed and evaluated.

  • Project Governance

    Patrick S. Renz

    • Physica
    • 19 Juillet 2007

    Do you know where your investments go? How effective and accountable are the resources used in the international development? How can intercultural frictions, governance scandals, or corruption be prevented?
    Based on a case study the author unveils a gap in the governance of development projects, a gap between implementation and governance, ultimately hindering effective, transparent and accountable usage of resources.
    Illustrated with entertaining examples the author, himself a senior manager in development and business, develops a Project Governance model. Overcoming shortcomings of the theories of corporate governance and business ethics, of best practices in development and project management, the Project Governance Model is a concrete model for practitioners and academics. Its six modules build an integrated, strategically oriented and ethically reflected platform for a more truthful and efficient cooperation in difficult projects or programs such as in development.

  • This work examines the factors that drive the success of Multinational Corporations (MNCs) in their pursuit of regional strategies. The author develops a comprehensive regional success factor model, by which the effects of regional management autonomy and regional product and service adaptation on the regional success of MNCs as well as the interaction effects of regional orientation and inter-regional distance are investigated. The model is evaluated by means of the partial-least-squares (PLS) method on the basis of a survey-based inquiry of the Fortune Global 500 firms with success indicator data for a period of nine years. The findings highlight the importance of considering the different degrees of contextual influence in the design of regional strategies, where low degrees of regional management autonomy and high levels of regional product/service adaptation are found to be appropriate for MNCs to be regionally successful.

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